Arctic Animals: A lesson in camouflage

I asked R3 to pick his favorite Arctic animals and he chose the arctic hare and the arctic fox.  Today, we learned so many fun facts about them and had a fun lesson in camouflage.

PicMonkey camouflage with text Collage

Exploration time in our Winter Sensory Bin.


We began with Arctic Hares

I then pulled all of our Arctic/Polar Animals books and found the pages relevant to Arctic Hares.


Informational books used:

Online resources used:

Facts we learned from our books and online:

  • Short ears to keep in as much warmth as possible
  • Fur is brown/grey in Summer and all white in Winter
  • Eat grass, shrubs, berries
  • Has 4-8 babies in a litter; born furry and eyes open
  • Two kinds of hares – Snowshoe hare and Arctic hare
  • Snowshoe hare live in forest and are a bit smaller.  Their fur is darker under the white.
  • Arctic hares are larger, live in the tundra and are solid white.  (Comparison found here at the bottom)

Spelling Activity

We used this Polar Lands pack from 2 Teaching Mommies to spell HARE.


We watched these fantastic Arctic hare videos

Silhouette Art project (idea from Preschool Crafts for Kids)

Materials used: white paint, sponge paintbrush, light blue paper, and the animal template from here

Process: Adult holds down animal template as child dabs white paint all around the edge to create a silhouette.



We then moved on to the Arctic Fox.

We spread all of our books out again finding facts on this arctic predator.


Informational books used:

Facts we learned:

  • Fur is brown in Summer and white in Winter
  • Eat arctic hare, snowshoe hare, rodents, birds, and lemmings
  • Short ears
  • Follow polar bears around and eat their leftovers
  • Babies born in a den in the summer.
  • Around 7 cubs born in a litter.
  • Both parents bring food they have hunted.

Online resources used:

Arctic Fox videos watched:

Spelling (from Polar Lands pack from 2 Teaching Mommies)


Art silhouette of Arctic Fox (idea from Preschool Crafts for Kids)



Prewriting (from Polar Lands pack at 2 Teaching Mommies)


Learning about Camouflage (idea from Gift of Curiosity)

We ended with a lesson in camouflage.  To better understand how camouflage really works, R3 pretended to be an arctic hare whose fur changes from grey/brown to white.

I covered him in a brown blanket for the summertime and a white blanket for winter to illustrate the color change and how it helps the animals hide.


Camouflage when animal is on the brown.  (aka: tundra after snow has melted)


Not so camouflage when set against a white background (aka: snow)



Camouflaged white on white (he’s in the bathtub)


Not so camouflaged white on brown


Animals that use camouflage in the arctic:

We used this page from Gift of Curiosity’s camouflage activity post.


R3 enjoyed sharing this lesson with his big brothers when they returned home.  We hope you enjoyed it as well.

For more Winter Fun, check out our Pinterest board.

This post contains Amazon Affiliate links.

9 responses

  1. Pingback: Tot School Gathering P;lace ~ Week 55 - 1+1+1=1

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